- In 1991, the Russian Federation emerged as the legal successor to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), including the defunct nation’s right to possess nuclear weapons under the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). At the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the country had approximately 27,000 nuclear weapons. During the 1990s, Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan transferred their weapons to Russia with economic support provided by the United States. All nuclear missiles deployed in the Eastern Bloc or other areas of the former Soviet Union had been relocated to Russia by 1992.Today, Russia has more than 6,000 strategic nuclear weapons (primarily intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs) and more than 10,000 nonstrategic nuclear warheads. Washington continues to provide funding to Russia to help it secure its nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction to prevent “loose nukes” and chemical and biological weapons from falling into the hands of international terrorists. Despite years of monitoring and improvement of security, there is still intense concern about the safety of the country’s weapons. The unresolved question of the existence of so-called suitcase bombs is particularly worrying, especially after General Aleksandr Lebed publicly stated in the 1990s that Russia was no longer in control of some of these weapons.Command and control of Russia’s nuclear weapons is located in Moscow. The Strategic Rocket Forces are a special division of the Russian military dedicated to protecting and deploying nuclear weapons. Russia’s military doctrine permits the limited use of nuclear weapons to protect Russia and its allies—namely, Serbia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan—from political pressure, an assertion that is of deep concern to many in the international community.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
nuclear weapons — Weapons of mass destruction that are powered by nuclear reaction. Types of nuclear weapons include atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, fission bombs, and fusion bombs. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. nuclear weapons … Law dictionary
nuclear weapons — (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) n. weapons of mass destruction, atomic weapons. see nuclear bomb … English dictionary for students
nuclear weapons — weapon which makes use of nuclear energy so as to produce awesome repulsion and deadly radiation … English contemporary dictionary
Nuclear weapons testing — Nuclear weapons History Warfare Arms race Design Testing Effects Delivery Espionage … Wikipedia
Nuclear weapons and Ukraine — Weapons of mass destruction … Wikipedia
Nuclear Weapons Center — emblem … Wikipedia
Nuclear Weapons: The Road to Zero — is a 1998 book edited by Joseph Rotblat. Rotblat draws heavily on the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and in particular on a comprehensive international study published in 1993 on the need and mechanisms to eliminate nuclear… … Wikipedia
Nuclear weapons and the United States — United States Nuclear program start date 21 October 1939 First nuclear weapon test 16 July 1945 … Wikipedia
Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom — United Kingdom Nuclear program start date 10 April 1940 First nuclear weapon test 2 October 1952 First fusion weapon test … Wikipedia
Nuclear weapons and Israel — Israel Nuclear program start date mid to late 1950s First nuclear weapon test Unknown; possible join … Wikipedia